Here is the complete notes on Telangana Geography for TSPSC Groups exams.
Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau, in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula.
It covers 114,840 square kilometres (44,340sq mi).
The region is drained by two major rivers, with about 79% of the Godavari River catchment area and about 69% of the Krishna River catchment area, but most of the land is arid.
Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such as the Bhima, the Manjira and the Musi.
The annual rainfall is between 900 to 1500 mm in northern Telangana and 700 to 900 mm in southern Telangana, from the southwest monsoons.
Various soil types abound, including chalkas, red sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep b.c. soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and flowers.
Of the three regions of the state, Telangana has the largest area, with 8,14,800 km2.
The Telangana deccan plateau is drained by two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna.
The entire region is divided into two main regions namely ghats and peneplains. The surface is dotted with low depressions.
The region has very valuable coal mines in Ramagundam.
Natural resources (rivers, coal, limestones, forests).
Telangana region Andhra Pradesh is situated in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula.
The river Godavari is flowing on the North and the river Krishna is flowing on the South. 69% of Krishna River and 79% of Godavari River catchment area is in Telangana.
Apart from the major rivers, there are other small rivers such as Manair, Bhima, Dindi, Kinnersaani, Manjeera, Munneru, Moosi, Penganga, Praanahita, and Peddavagu and Taliperu.
Forests: 45% of the forest area in the state is in Telangana region spread across five districts.
Coal: 20% of the coal deposits in the country is in Telangana region. Singareni Collieries excavate Coal and used it for industrial purposes and for thermal power stations.
The coal supplied from this region, and the power produced is supplied to entire south India.
Limestones: There are limestone deposits in the region, which cater to cement factories in the region.
Telangana also has got other resources like bauxite, and mica
9 out of 10 districts(except Hyderabad district) in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh are recognized by the Government of India as backward.
According to the Backward Regions Grant Fund 2009-10, 13 districts are located in Andhra Pradesh, 9 are from Telangana and the rest are from other regions. 86% of Telangana is Hindu while 12.4% is Muslim, and 1.2% is Christian. Hyderabad city has 25% of the total Muslim population.
Telangana districts (outside Hyderabad district) have 8.4% of Muslim population.
More than 90% of Telangana people speak the Telangana dialect of Telugu which is primarily Telugu with Urdu influences.
About 11% of Telangana people speak Hyderabadi Urdu.
>Culture and Identity<
Telangana has its own distinctive culture and identity. Most prominent is the Hyderabadi Culture also called Deccan Culture.
The Telugu language spoken here has evolved into a new dialect with a liberal mixture of words from Urdu.
Telugu is the major language spoken while Urdu is spoken by Muslims.
Hindi is spoken by people from other states of North India and Central India like Gujarat and Maharashtra. Telugu, Urdu and English are the official languages of the region.
Festivals: Diwali, Dassera, Eid-ul-Fitr and Ugadi are prominent festivals in Telangana.
The region celebrates distinctive festivals like Bathukamma, and Bonalu. The other festivals of Hindu and Muslims such as Holi, Rakhi, and Moharram are also celebrated with equal enthusiasm as in northern India.
The national festival Sankranti is also celebrated in the beginning of harvest season on 14 January every year.
Telangana is a semi-arid area and has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range.
The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 755 mm (29.7 inches) of precipitation.
A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February with little humidity and average temperatures in the 22-23 °C (72-73 °F) range.
The Central. Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion covers much of the state, including Hyderabad.
The characteristic vegetation is woodlands of Hardwickia binata and Albizia amara.
Over 80% of the original forest cover has been cleared for agriculture, timber harvesting, or cattle grazing, but large blocks of forest can be found in NagarjunaSagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve and elsewhere.
The more humid Eastern Highlands in the deciduous forests cover the Eastern Ghats eastern part of the state.