Telangana Movement in English Complete Material (PDF Download)
Telangana – the 29th state of India, formed on 2nd July 2014, with Hyderabad as capital. It got divided from Andhra Pradesh – with a patient and consistent peaceful fight for over 60 years.
TSPSC is conducting various recruitment posts for candidates to recruit in various Group 1, 2, 3, and 4 and Police Constable and SI. We have prepared complete material of Telangana movement which is available in English. In future it will be also available in Telugu too.
- The Telangana Movement refers to a people’s movement for the creation of a new state of Telangana, from the existing state of Andhra Pradesh in South India.
- In December 1953, the States Reorganization Commission was appointed to prepare for the creation of states on linguistic line.
- The commission, due to public demand, recommended disintegration of Hyderabad State and to merge Marathi speaking region with Bombay state and Kannada speaking region with Mysore state.
- The State Reorganisation Commission (SRC) discussed pros and cons of the merger of Telugu speaking Telangana region of Hyderabad state with Andhra state.
- Paragraph 374 of the SRC report said “The creation of Vishalandhra is an ideal to which numerous individuals and public bodies, both in Andhra and Telangana, have been passionately attached over a long period of time, and unless there are strong reasons to the contrary, this sentiment is entitled to consideration”.
- Discussing the case of Telangana, paragraph 378 of the SRC report said “One of the principal causes of opposition of Vishalandhra also seems to be the apprehension felt by the educationally backward people of Telangana that they may be swamped and exploited by the more advanced people of the coastal areas.”
- In its final analysis SRC recommended against the immediate merger.
- In paragraph 386 it said “After taking all these factors into consideration we have come to the conclusions that it will be in the interests of Andhra as well as Telangana, if for the present, the Telangana area is to constitute into a separate State, which may be known as the Hyderabad State with provision for its unification with Andhra after the general elections likely to be held in or about 1961 if by a two thirds majority the legislature of the residuary Hyderabad State expresses itself in favor of such unification.”
- After going through the recommendations of the SRC, the then Home Minister Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant decided to merge Andhra state and Telangana to form Andhra Pradesh-state on 1st November 1956 after providing safeguards to Telangana in the form of Gentleman’s agreement.
- Telangana is the largest of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh state, covering 4 147% of its total area. It is inhabited by 40.54% of the state’s population. The following is the breakup of Andhra Pradesh’s revenue by region.
|Source||Percentage of Total Revenue|
|Telangana (including Hyderabad)||45.47%|
|Telangana (excluding Hyderabad, but including parts of GHMC)||8.3%|
Note: The income generated by the capital city of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh is a complex issue with income being generated from all regions. This has caused a lot of confusion in region- wise income distribution.
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