Telangana Movement in English Complete Material (PDF Download)
Early Incidents (1969 to 1985)
1969 to 1973: This period was marked by two political agitations, namely Telangana and ‘Jai Andhra’ movements. Social tensions arose due to influx of péople from the Coastal Andhra region. Protests started with the hunger strike of a student from Khammam district for the implementation of safe-guards promised during the creation of Andhra Pradesh.
The movement was slowly manifested into a demand of separate Telangana.
Some students protested safe guards from Andhra Pradesh” while some protested fora “Separate Telangana”.
According to the 19 January 1969 edition of The Indian Express, the agitation turned violent when a crowd attempted to set fire to a sub-inspector residence. 17 were injured in Police firing.
The Telangana Regional Committee was, however not fully convinced of the outcome. This agitation was met by a counter agitation by the Andhra students accusing the transfer Andhra employees as a discrimination between one region and the other. The transfers were eventually challenged in the high-court. The army had to be called in. After several days of talks with leaders of both regions, on 12 April 1969, Prime minister put forth, an eight-point plan.
Telangana leaders rejected the plan and protests continued under the leadership of newly formed political party Telangana Praja Samithi in 1969 asking for the formation of Telangana.
Under the Mulki rules in force at the time, anyone who had lived in Hyderabad for 12 years was considered a local, and was thus eligible for certain government posts.
Telangana Praja Samithi was formed under the leadership of Dr.Chenna Reddy with the intention of leading the movement. The party however, split in November 1969 with the exit of dissident Congress leaders. The movement slowly lost momentum and dissolved.
Chief Minister Brahmananda Reddy resigns to make room for a Telangana Chief Minister.
On 30-September-1971 P. V.Narasimha Rao – who would later become the Prime Minister of India – was appointed as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.