After going through the recommendations of the SRC, the then Home Minister Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant decided to maths Andhra state and Telangana to form Andhra Pradesh state on 1st November 1956, after providing safeguard to Telangana in the form of Gentlemen’s agreement.
Arguments in favour of a separate Telangana state:
Telangana is the largest of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh covering 41.47 % of its total area it is inhabited by 40.54 percentage of the states population.
The following is a breakup of Andhra Pradesh revenue by region:
Source : Percentage of Total Share
Telangana (Including Hyderabad) : 45.47%
Telangana (Excluding Hyderabad District, but including parts of GHMC in suburbs): 8.3%
Hyderabad District: 37.17%
Coastal Andhra: 24.17%
Central Government: 19.86%
The income generated by the capital city of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh is a complex issue with income being generated from all regions, this has caused a lot of confusion in the region wise income distribution. Also, after the bifurcation, companies will pay their person of taxes to Telangana are present day Andhra Pradesh depending on where they operate (before bifurcation, a lot of companies are paying the taxes in the capital city Hyderabad and even for their operations in Seemandhra).
Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite perceived industries in the distribution of water, budget allocations, jobs.
Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5 percent of the catchment area of the Krishna and 69% of a catchment area of the Godavari river are in the plateau region of Telangana and flowing through the other parts of the state into the Bay of Bengal.
Telangana and non coastal parts of Karnataka and Maharashtra states form Deccan Plateau.
Supporters state that 74.25 percent of the irrigation water through the canal system under major irrigation projects go to the Coastal Andhra regio, while the Telangana gets 18.20%
As per the volume II of Krishna water dispute award “The area which we are considering for irrigation formed part of Hyderabad state and has division of the state for the residents of this area to get irrigation facilities in Mahaboob Nagar district. We are in the opinion that this area of the benefit of irrigation on account of the reorganization of States.”
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